Ble Medlem: 16 Aug 2008
|Skrevet: 04 10 09 00:40 Tittel: Stjernetegn går i arv - Som far, så sønn?
|Stjernetegn går i arv - Som far, så sønn?
Encouraged by (his) results, Gauquelin began to look for evidence of correlations in the area of heredity. In an effort to test the traditional astrological law that there are more planetary similarities between parents and children than among persons with no blood relationship, he gathered birth data for parents and children. Gauquelin examined this theory from 1959 to 1964, using about 25,000 birth charts. He searched for hereditary correlations in the positions of the Moon, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. To his surprise, he discovered that when a parent has one of these planets (for example, Jupiter) in a key sector, their child is much more likely to have that same planet in a key sector. He further discovered that if both parents had Jupiter in key sectors, their child was twice as likely to have Jupiter in these sectors:
Nothing could be more shocking to a geneticist than this cosmic interference in hereditary matters. Yet the planetary effect is in perfect harmony with the classical laws of genetics. One of these laws states: ‘If both parents of a child have the same hereditary factor, the chances of the child’s inheriting it are doubled.’ This is also true in cosmic genetics.(11)
Gauquelin published his results in 1966 in his book, L’Heredite Planetaire, which was published in America in 1988 under the title, Planetary Heredity. In 1977 he did a second investigation using 30,000 birth dates of parents and children. Again, the results indicated that:
Children have a tendency to be born when a planet has just risen or culminated, if that same planet was in the same regions of the sky at the birth of their parents. … the probability that chance should have produced so many planetary similarities from one generation to the next falls to less than a million to one.(12)
After making 6,691 birth comparisons, he also concluded that: “Planetary similarities at the horizon and meridian are more frequent between siblings than between unrelated children.”(13)
Gauquelin believed that the child’s heredity played a major role in his findings, and he proposed what he referred to as the “midwife planet” theory:
Thus the newborn’s heredity, rather than a sudden action emanating from the planets, might account for our findings. Perhaps, at the time of birth, each child manifests an inherited sensitivity to planetary clocks. … This would mean that the birth of a child when Mars appears over the horizon is not mere chance. The birth occurs at that moment rather than another because his organism is ready to react to the perturbations caused by this particular planet at its passage over the horizon. … The following hypothesis can be proposed: The child inherits from his parents a tendency to be born when Mars rises, in the same way he inherits the color of his hair.(14)
While doing his research on heredity, Gauquelin stressed the importance of using charts with natural birth times. He found that planetary correlations between parents and children disappeared when the child’s birth was induced or they were taken by Caesarian-section.(15) He explained that rupturing the membrane, as well as the use of drugs and even forceps can alter the birth time sufficiently enough for the hereditary correlations to be reduced or disappear altogether. Gauquelin only used charts dated before 1945 in his research, and he recommended that “Any experiments on planetary heredity that use births from 1950 onward should include a careful analysis of each case in order to exclude non-spontaneous births. This is an absolute necessity for anyone who aims to replicate the results presented in this book.”
In several of his books Gauquelin refers to research which shows that the fetus secretes a hormone that begins the process of labor, and how “through the intervention of the placental progesterone, the fetus maintains a control over the delivery process which can be retarded at any given moment.” Gauquelin emphasized the importance of allowing the child to choose their own birth time, pointing out that 2,500 years ago Hippocrates declared: “When the time comes, the baby stirs and breaks the membranes containing it and emerges from its mother’s abdomen.”(18 ) He expressed concern that more and more births are being scheduled for the convenience of the doctor and the hospital rather than allowing the child’s cosmic clock to govern the birth process:
In a sense, the child is able to choose the time at which he will be born. But is the fetus really free? There are some mysterious influences affecting it. Is it possible that throughout the entire labor procedure, it has some invisible contact with the planetary signals? For if the fetus gives orders to the maternal uterus, this is because it is in turn receiving orders. Are there some subtle directives coming from above whose orders modern medicine, with its drugs, is disturbing like an elephant entering a china shop? Do we have the right to cast aside the role of the cosmos in this way and deprive ourselves of natural data on the temperament of the newborn? If the child is born at a time set by the physician, it will no longer keep its appointment with Mars or Jupiter.(19)
* * * *
But now doctors are confusing the orderly relationship between man and the planets. A child who should have been born when Jupiter had just risen or culminated, because both his parents were born under that configuration, now has his time of birth determined by a physician. In contrast, the child may be born as Saturn is rising!
Gauquelin firmly believed that “induction upsets the normal biological processes of delivery” and that we must “be quick to observe and, if possible, explain the effect of the cosmos on normal births, before it is too late.” Recent studies confirm Gauquelin’s prediction that the incidence of “birth by appointment” would increase over the years. In 1998, about 40% of all recorded births in America were induced or by C-section.
Astrology and Personality Traits
In 1967 Gauquelin turned to the third and final area of focus in his research: personality traits. He believed that: “It is not sufficient to establish a global relationship between professional personalities and the planets if this relationship cannot be confirmed on an individual basis.” Using the same charts he had gathered to prove a relationship between the planets and occupations, he searched for a connection between the planets and character traits. He consulted biographies of each famous person to find words which had been used to describe their personality and behavior. After compiling lists of these traits, Gauquelin found that there was a significant correlation between character traits and the location of certain planets within the Gauquelin sectors. It took more than two years to compile information from biographies of sports champions alone. Then he checked to see if Mars was more often rising or culminating in charts of individuals with these specific traits (described as iron-willed, aggressive, competitive, adventurous, untiring, etc.).
Gauquelin discovered that extraverted champions who possessed traits which were more typical of the traditional description of Mars were twice as likely to be born with Mars in the Gauquelin sectors.(23) He concluded that “[t]he position of Mars at birth is very much the expression of a temperament and has relatively little to do with one’s professional destiny.” In describing Gauquelin’s research on personality traits, H. J. Eysenck and D.K.B. Nias remarked:
Regardless of occupation, it was found that personality was associated with the planets being in one of the critical zones. For example, extraverts and tough-minded people tended to be born ‘under’ Mars and Jupiter, while introverts and the tender-minded were born ‘under’ Saturn. It was personality rather than occupation that was related to the planets; and it was only because a particular personality tends to characterise success in given occupations that Gauquelin had obtained his original results (emphasis provided in original)
Gauquelin eventually found that, in addition to the “plus zones” of the rising and culminating positions, two other zones--when the planet was setting (6th house) or when it was passing its lower culmination (3rd house)--held less powerful yet noteworthy significance. As a result of his work on character traits and planetary positions, Gauquelin published an entire book on the subject which describes each of the planetary personality types he researched in great detail. His wife Francoise also published her own book which examined planetary correlations with personality traits.
Michel and Francoise Gauquelin c.1970
“Prostitution” of Astrology
Throughout his career, Gauquelin had little patience for most modern predictive astrologers, claiming that they had “prostituted astrology.”(29) In 1967 Gauquelin published his first book in America, The Cosmic Clocks, in which he explored the seeming contradictions between mystical interpretations of the universe and current scientific thought. He expressed his own strong view about the state of astrology in that book:
Astrology, the ancient universal religion, the primitive majestic effort toward a cosmic synthesis, has fallen completely into the hands of charlatans. A new science has been born in its place. This science should not be scornful of the past; after all, we owe the birth of astronomy to the astrological concern of our predecessors. It is only poetic justice that this science, in its maturity, and after a two-thousand-year detour, should help to discover the true links that tie man to the universe.(30)
Gauquelin’s position did not increase his popularity with astrologers, who insisted that “statistics are irrelevant to astrology” and that “the validity of astrology ought … to be judged only on the basis of forecasts taken from whole charts, with all their components.” Gauquelin replied that “astrology is a collection of apparently very precise laws. We are told that … these laws have been discovered after millions of daily observations. In that case they would be nothing but empirical statistics, and therefore confirmable by mathematical statistics.”(31)
In 1968 Gauquelin conducted a survey by offering free 10-page horoscopes; in exchange the recipients agreed to respond to a questionnaire:
To each one of our 150-odd correspondents we sent the same horoscope. But not just any horoscope. We sent … that of the most infamous evildoer in our collection, Dr. Petiot [a mass murderer]. We reproduced the psychological profile and the yearly rhythm of this horoscope without changing so much as a comma. …
To our first question—“Did you recognize yourself in the psychological portrait sent you? Did you recognize any of your personal problems?”—we received a positive answer in 94 percent of the replies.
* * * *
[N]early all of our ‘clients’—nine out of ten—recognized themselves in the horoscope of someone who murdered several dozens of people and then dissolved their bodies in lime. It is thus not at all incorrect for the astrologer to say that he is ‘successful’ eight times out of ten. (emphasis provided in original)(32)
Gauquelin questioned both science and astrology, and he demanded that each provide proof of their claims.
Atmospheric Influences on Health
Although he remained skeptical about the outrageous claims made by modern astrologers, Gauquelin firmly believed that cosmic and atmospheric changes had a direct influence on humans. He did a great deal of research regarding the effects of the weather and changes in atmospheric conditions on mental and physical health. In How Atmospheric Conditions Affect Your Health (first published in 1971), he described how extreme changes in weather are connected with physical conditions such as heart disease. He also examined the seasonal nature of mental health disorders, such as depression, which peak in the month of May:
Springtime is a period of both physical and mental effervescence. Duhot has termed this phenomenon the “spring hormonal crisis.” The endocrine glands become more active, …[and] the endocrine glands are also closely associated with our behavior and mental state.
* * *
According to psychiatrists, spring is the season when the potentially suicidal subject finally decides to accomplish the fatal act. He buys the lethal poison or opens the gas jets. As a result of the physiological changes it causes in the organism, spring seems to push the desperate toward that final act.(33)
Gauquelin also described the Full Moon’s effect on mentally unstable people:
Does the full moon have such a distinct effect on mentally unbalanced persons? Does its light act as a sort of stimulant for an insane criminal? …
Not long ago, Inspector Wilfred Faust of the Philadelphia Police Department published a report entitled Effects of Full Moon on Human Behavior. This report states: ‘The seventy police officers who deal with telephone complaints claim that they have much more work when the full moon draws near. People whose antisocial behavior has psychotic roots—as firebugs, kleptomaniacs, destructive drivers, and homicidal alcoholics—seem to go on a rampage more often when the moon is waxing than when it wanes.’(34)
Although he was never able to explain it according to the laws of physics, Gauquelin was confident that cosmic forces affect humans in many more ways than science has imagined.
1928 – 1991
How very like the planet Mars to start a war! In this instance, it was a war between the scientific establishment and a pair of French psychologists, Michel and Francoise Gauquelin. The Gauquelins conducted rigorous research over a period of thirty years that demonstrated that certain traditional astrological principles held true to a high degree of statistical validity. Possibly their most striking example was called The Mars Effect, in that they found that overwhelmingly the charts of sports champions tended to have the planet Mars within ten degrees of one of the four angles of the chart.
Imagine that beginning in 1949, this pair of painstaking researchers and statisticians hand-calculated thousands of timed birth charts, though eventually with the development of computers, they were enabled to do more advanced work. In time, their studies included over 60,000 timed charts of notables, and their findings extended to the angular positions of other planets as well.
Still, it was and is to this day the Mars Effect that most stirred up their scientific adversaries. Though these results were first published in the 1970s, if you input the name Gauquelin on your internet search engine, you will still find web pages by skeptics who delight in denouncing them.
Their results inflamed the scientific community to the extent that researchers who would go to any lengths to disprove this threatening notion actually falsified their data and later admitted to it. If you are thinking, "What a great book that would make," read The Tenacious Mars Effect, by Ken Irving and Suitbert Ertel. For a brief chronicle of events, visit Ken's account of the controversy.
The Gauquelins divorced in 1982, and each continued the work separately and with great distinction, becoming highly-respected members of the astrological community. The Matrix Pioneer Award was given to Sorbonne-educated Michel for being the first to achieve real scientific validation and results in the field of astrology. He was also given the prestigious Marc Edmund Jones Award in 1989.
For information on more recent investigations by a variety of astrologers, see Planetos, an on-line journal dedicated to researching the Gauquelin Factors.
"I first met Michel when he spoke at the January, 1969 National Astrological Society conference in New York City that I had organized. Having read his Influence des Astres, which established the Mars effect, I expected to meet a dry statistician. Instead I found him warm, with an original sense of humor. He was open and accessible to anyone seeking information. He surprised me with his uncanny ability to guess people's rising planets. An accomplished tennis player he was ranked among the 50 leading French tennis players.
"Trained at the Sorbonne in psychology and statistics, he devoted his career to investigating a subject that caused his academic colleagues to attack him. Michel demonstrated courage in confronting scientific prejudice and debating his often vicious critics. He provided the first significant validation of the astrological hypothesis that man is connected to the cosmos and that planetary positions correlate to specific personality traits.
"Ironically, while his ground-breaking work provided scientific proof for correlations of planetary effects, his research gave little support to many long-held astrological beliefs. His initial work correlated Mars in the zones of power with famous sportsmen. He later connected the Moon in zones of power with writers, Saturn with scientists, and Jupiter with actors and politicians.
'Michel possessed enormous discipline, impartiality and integrity, always presenting both his positive and negative results. All his initial research (before computers) was undertaken by gathering and calculating extensive horoscope data by hand: he would canvas Europe to collect this data personally paying the requisite fees to registries. During a visit to his laboratory I was overwhelmed viewing thousands of 3 x 5 cards which contained all the data.
"In 1989, he was awarded the National Astrological Society's Marc Edmund Jones Award, in recognition of his lifelong achievements, which provided astrologers with significant data to communicate to a skeptical scientific establishment. His untimely death was a tragedy for the whole astrological community. Astrologers owe Michel Gauquelin an enormous debt. His pioneering research laid the scientific foundation for validating planetary effects."
From Aspects Magazine, 1991:
"Few researchers have done more to enhance the validity and scientific status of Astrology than Michel and Francoise Gauquelin. Michel's passing is a great loss to the astrological community, not only for his 40 plus years of research correlating planetary placements with vocational prominence, but also for his precision and persistence in methodology, and his personal accessibility, charm, and enthusiasm."
A Tribute by John Addey:
"The specific importance of the Gauquelins is not in their direct contribution to the knowledge of astrological principles as such, though this has been valuable in some instances, but in the fact that, confronted by a mountain of prejudice against astrology in an age which demands secure empirical evidence, they have by dint of immense courage, tenacity, and intelligence, provided this on a massive scale and in a form which has never been refuted, despite repeated attempts by hostile critics in the scientific world."
Det kan altså se ut, som om det finnes visse empiriske, statistisk signifikante astrologiske sammenhenger
Går det også an å finne naturlover, som forklarer fenomenet?
"Friends may come and go, but enemies accumulate." - Thomas Jones
||Alle klokkeslett er CET (Europa)
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